Sibiu (in German, Hermannstadt, in Hungarian Nagyszeben, in Latin Cibinium) is the county seat of the county with the same name, Transylvania, Romania, consisting of the localities Păltiniş and Sibiu (residence). Sibiu is an important cultural and economic center in southern Transylvania, with a population of 147,245 according to the 2011 census. The Păltiniş winter resort is 37 km away from the city center and the Balea glacier lake is about 75 km away from the city.
Sibiu represented and is one of the most important and thriving cities in Transylvania, being one of the main centers of Saxon settlers settled in the area. The city was the capital of Transylvania between 1692-1791 and 1849-1865. He has experienced a significant economic and cultural revival in recent years. Sibiu is currently one of the cities with the highest level of foreign investment in Romania. In 2007, it was the European
Capital of Culture, together with the city of Luxembourg.
In 2007 Sibiu was the European Capital of Culture together with the city of Luxembourg. Hotel Continental Forum, former Sibiu Bulevard and its surroundings are one of the most visited areas in Romania. The historic center is one of the most preserved historical locations in the country. Many of the walls and fortification systems are maintained in a very good condition. The historical center is in the process of being included in the UNESCO Heritage List. In Sibiu there are museums that include collections of art, painting, decorative arts, anthropology, history, archeology, technology history and natural sciences.
The town is close to the Fagaras Mountains – an important hiking destination – and the resort of Păltiniş – a destination for winter sports. There are many fortified churches built by the Saxon settlers in the area.